Doctoral studies in Earth and Environmental Sciences

Presentation

ESTE DOCTORADO SE ENCUENTRA EN PROCESO DE RENOVACIÓN DE LA ACREDITACIÓN
Día: 25 de febrero del 2019
Lugar: Aula A4-38

Este título se encuentra en proceso de renovación de la acreditación. En el siguiente enlace encontrarás la programación y horario de las distintas audiencias que se realizarán durante la visita externa. A la "audiencia pública" podrán asistir aquellas personas que no habiendo sido convocadas en ninguna audiencia deseen comunicar cualquier aspecto al panel de expertos en relación al título evaluado.

RENOVACIÓN DE LA ACREDITACIÓN DE PROGRAMAS DE DOCTORADO (Convocatoria 2018/2019)

Become a qualified researcher in the field of Earth and Environmental Sciences under the supervision of world-wide acknowledged scientists

A large number of research groups from the University of Jaen are involved in research topics related to Earth and Environmental Sciences. Researchers from these groups provide the core faculty that provides a solid research support to this programme. More specifically, this doctoral programme includes researchers from 15 well-consolidated research groups of the Junta de Andalucia PAIDI, 12 of which have a principal researcher (and also most of the research team) who is a professor in the University of Jaen: RNM-175 (Biodiversity and Sustainable Development), RNM-182 (Andalusian group of Nematology), RNM-200 (Environmental Geology and Basin Analysis), RNM-282 (Microgeodesy Jaen), RNM-296 (Forest Ecology and Landscape Dynamics), RNM-300 (Ecology and Biodiversity of Aquatic Systems), RNM-325 (Geological Resources and Processes), RNM-350 (Geobotany and Palymnology: Applications in Natural Environment), RNM-370 (Sysmic Hazard and Active Tectonics), RNM-374 (Earth Science and Geological Engineering), Tep-213 (Photogrametric and Topometric Systems), and TIC-188 (Signal Processing in Communication Systems). Furthermore, the programme also includes researchers from Jaen University who are members of research groups RNM-127 (Soil Sciences and Geopharmacy) and RNM-145 (Geochemistry of endogenous processes and Petrology of igneous and metamorphic rocks) having their principal investigators at Granada University.

The above-mentioned research groups plus TEP-120 (Modelling of the Atmosphere and Solar Radiation) represent the core of the research center Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Ciencias de la Tierra, which also fosters postgraduate studies at the master level.

You may also take advantage of complementary training activities offered by the University of Jaen aimed at improving your personal and professional qualification.

The main goal of this doctoral programme is to provide professional and research training in some of the theoretical and applied fields of Earth and Environmental Sciences shown in the research topics included.

Specifically, this doctoral programme aims at:

  • Training professionals and researchers with a high degree of qualification and competencies and with the capacity to address in an autonomous way research tasks or practical issues related to Earth and Environmental Sciences.
  • Promoting the advance of innovative research topics in the different fields of Earth and Environmental Sciences (as in indicated in the list of research topics and teams of the programme).

You may check the complete list of competencies offered by this doctoral programme.

The ideal applicant profile is people like you, who are interested in developing research in Earth and Environmental Sciences and are willing to take advantage of the opportunities offered in this field. Applicants should be motivated for making new discoveries through research, and have the capacity for critical thinking, comprehension, interpretation and application of research results, as well as basic skills in computer tools and English languages.

General access requirements for Doctoral Programmes at the University of Jaen

In general, access to an official doctoral programme is available to persons in possession of a Spanish official bachelor's degree, or equivalent, and a university master's degree.

Access is also available to persons who meet one of the following conditions:

  1. Being in possession of an official Spanish university qualification, or one of another member country of the European Higher Education Area, which qualifies them for access to a master's degree in accordance with the provisions of Article 16 of Royal Decree 1393/2007, of October 29, and having obtained a minimum of 300 ECTS credits in all official university studies, of which at least 60 must be at master's level.
  2. Being in possession of an official Spanish degree whose duration, according to the rules of Community law, is at least 300 ECTS credits. These graduates must attend the mandatory bridging courses referred to in Article 7.2 of these regulations, unless the curriculum of said degree includes research training credits equivalent in educational value to the research credits obtained in master’s degree courses.
  3. Being in possession of a university degree and, after obtaining a training place in the entrance test to specialized medical training, having obtained a positive evaluation in at least two years of training in a programme to obtain an official degree in one of the Health Science specialties.
  4. Being in possession of a degree obtained under a foreign education system, without need for official recognition, after the University has verified that said degree accredits a level of education equivalent to the Spanish official master´s degree and allows admission to doctoral studies in the country issuing the qualification. In no case shall this admission imply the official recognition of the original qualification held by the individual or its recognition for purposes other than access to doctoral studies. Regardless of this, the doctoral degree obtained will be officially valid in Spain.
  5. Being in possession of a Bachelor, Architect or Engineer degree and also having achieved the Diploma de Estudios Avanzados in accordance with the provisions of Royal Decree 778/1998, of April 30, or the research proficiency stipulated in the Royal Decree 185/1985, of January 23.
  6. Being in possession of another Spanish doctoral degree obtained under earlier university regulations..

Specific Access Requirements for Doctoral Studies in Earth and Environmental Sciences

This doctoral programme is open to those in possession of a degree in Biology, Environmental Sciences, Geology, Civil Engineering, Geodesic Engineering, Geomatics and Topographic Engineering, Energy Resources Engineering, and Mining Technology Engineering. Applicants must also be in possession of a master´s degree related to the topics covered in this doctoral programme.

With exception, those applicants lacking previous training related to the aforementioned disciplines and meeting the general criteria for access to doctoral studies could also be admitted to this doctoral programme. In this case, the Academic Commission of the doctoral programme will determine the complementary training that the applicant must complete in order to be admitted by taking the recommended courses from Master studies offered by University of Jaen related to the topics in the doctoral programme. The training activities, evaluation and training results will be those established in the corresponding Master.

Admission criteria

The following criteria laid down in article 9.3.c of the Regulation of Doctoral Studies of the University of Jaen will apply for admission of applicants:

  1. The adequacy of the applicant background giving access to doctoral studies to the topic of the thesis. 1.0 point.
  2. The curriculum vitae of applicant. 2.5 points.
  3. The interest of the research line of the thesis for the Department, Research Centre and personnel involved in direction of the PhD thesis, as informed by the corresponding legal representative/scientific personnel involved. 1.5 points.
  4. Adequacy of the theme of the thesis to the research lines of the doctoral programme. 2.0 points.
  5. Applicant´s complementary training requirements and time availability for carrying out the thesis. 0.5 points.
  6. Availability of permanent research staff with accredited research experience at the corresponding research area solicited by applicant. 1.5 points.
  7. Available resources to carry out the research tasks proposed by applicant. 1.0 point.

In order to be admitted, the applicant must obtain a mark higher than 7 points. The applicant must also have written consent from a scientific researcher qualified according to University of Jaen rules who will act as the thesis supervisor.

Students may enroll in doctoral studies at full dedication, or part-time if duly justified. The maximum period of permanence in PhD studies will be 3 years full-time or 5 years part-time. Students may ask for an ordinary extension for one year if enrolled full-time or two years if enrolled part-time. After this, all students may ask for an extraordinary extension period of one year. Applications for the extensions provided for in current legislation are to be duly reasoned and will be resolved by the Academic Committee for the PhD programme. Students may also apply for a temporary leave for a maximum period of one year, and extendible to one further year. Students may be excluded from the programme if they do not renew enrolments or if they obtain two negative overall assessments consecutively in the training and research activities in which they are enrolled for that year.

Students with special needs may visit the University Special Education Needs Service. You may get more information on general issues related to doctoral studies at the University Academic Service and the Doctoral School.

According to the rules for enrolment of the University of Jaen, application for doctoral studies is open during the complete year. Application and enrolment in doctoral studies can be done through the University Servicio de Gestión Académica.

There are four periods for application and registration during the year. Places not covered in one period will be added to next period´s offer.

School Year 2018/2019

  • Autumn cohort (application open until October 01, 2018)
    • Nº of places offered: 6
  • Winter cohort (application open until December 14, 2018)
    • Nº of places offered: 9
  • Spring cohort (application open until April 01, 2019)
    • Nº of places offered: 4
  • Summer cohort (application open until July 01, 2019)
    • Nº of places offered: 1

Send us your application, and you will receive a personalized response in due time.

Yearly demand for places

If you are willing to apply for grants, please check the University International Relations website.

Academic Information

This doctoral programme is based on research lines carried out by teaching and research staff that will be in charge of supervising your research work. The mentor (who may also be your supervisor or a different member of the PhD programme) will guide you through the training activities of the programme.

While the mentor must belong to the university´s permanent staff that participates in the doctoral programme, the thesis supervision can be assigned to any person participating in the programme who is in possession of a PhD degree and has a qualified research experience, either from inside or from outside of the university.

EARTH SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY:

  1. Studies on Earth crust soil and subsoil and sedimentary cover.
  2. Applied Geology. Hydogeology. Geochemistry.
  3. Natural hazards. Seismology and Seismotectonics. Hazard and Seismic potential.
  4. Natural and Cultural Heritage.
  5. Applications of Geomatics and other technologies in Earth and Environmental Sciences.
  6. Application of Geodesy to the observation and control of Earth System.

ECOLOGY

  1. Ecology of agricultural and forest systems (Biogeochemistry and Ecophysiology).
  2. Community and Evolution Ecology in Mediteranean ecosystems.
  3. Ecology of aquatic systems.

ANIMAL AND PLANT BIOLOGY

  1. Biodiversity, Taxonomy and Conservation Biology of animal and plant species.
  2. Animal and Plant Biogeography and Bionomy.
  3. Plant Physiology and environmental stress responsel
  4. Applied Zoology and Botanics
  5. Parasites of wild fauna; monitoring of animal populations.

Research topic: Studies on Earth crust soil and subsoil and sedimentary cover

Name ORCID code Affiliation
Abad Martínez, Mª Isabel 0000-0002-6354-0173 UJA
García Tortosa, Francisco Juan 0000-0003-3681-5829 UJA
Calero González, Julio 0000-0003-2606-307X UJA
Faulkner, Daniel 0000-0002-6750-3775 LIVERPOOL
Gea Guillén, Ginés Alfonso de 0000-0001-7763-6443 UJA
Marchesi, Claudio 0000-0001-7313-5692 UGR
Nieto García, Fernando 0000-0003-3407-0341 UGR
Reolid Pérez, Matías 0000-0003-4211-3946 UJA
López Sánchez-­‐Vizcaíno, Vicente 0000-0003-0762-3692 UJA
Castro Jiménez, José Manuel 0000-0001-7710-9600 UJA
Rey Arrans, Javier 0000-0001-9129-2368 UJA

Research topic: Applied Geology. Hydogeology. Geochemistry.

Name ORCID code Affiliation
Calero González, Julio 0000-0003-2606-307X UJA
Faulkner, Daniel 0000-0002-6750-3775 LIVERPOOL
Gea Guillén, Ginés Alfonso de 0000-0001-7763-6443 UJA
Marchesi, Claudio 0000-0001-7313-5692 UGR
Nieto García, Fernando 0000-0003-3407-0341 UGR
Reolid Pérez, Matías 0000-0003-4211-3946 UJA
López Sánchez-­‐Vizcaíno, Vicente 0000-0003-0762-3692 UJA
Molina Cámara, Jose Miguel 0000-0003-0023-3720 UJA
Nieto Albert, Luis Miguel 0000-0002-9907-2455 UJA
Ruiz Ortiz, Pedro Alejandro 0000-0003-0477-3978 UJA
Andreo Navarro, Bartolomé 0000-0002-3769-7329 UMA
Mudarra Martínez, Matías 0000-0002-5045-6191 UMA
Rubia García, Mª Dolores la 0000-0001-7982-3576 UJA
González Barberá, Gonzalo 0000-0003-2166-0633 CSIC
Martínez López, Julián 0000-0001-6949-051X UJA
Castro Jiménez, José Manuel 0000-0001-7710-9600 UJA
Jiménez Espinosa, Rosario 0000-0002-7080-4405 UJA
Jiménez Millán, Juan 0000-0003-3350-219X UJA
Sánchez Gómez, Mario 0000-0003-3362-1578 UJA
Hidalgo Estévez, M. Carmen 0000-0002-0982-786X UJA
Fernández del Castillo, Tomas 0000-0002-6822-775X UJA
Torre López, Mª José de la 0000-0002-6134-6924 UJA
Rey Arrans, Javier 0000-0001-9129-2368 UJA

Research topic: Natural hazards. Seismology and Seismotectonics. Hazard and Seismic potential.

Name ORCID code Affiliation
Molina Cámara, Jose Miguel 0000-0003-0023-3720 UJA
Nieto Albert, Luis Miguel 0000-0002-9907-2455 UJA
Ruiz Ortiz, Pedro Alejandro 0000-0003-0477-3978 UJA
García Hernandez, Mª Teresa 0000-0002-8961-0643 UJA
Peláez Montilla, José A. 0000-0002-6711-4147 UJA
Bohórquez Rodríguez de Medina, Patricio 0000-0001-9387-9138 UJA
Jiménez Espinosa, Rosario 0000-0002-7080-4405 UJA
Jiménez Millán, Juan 0000-0003-3350-219X UJA
Sánchez Gómez, Mario 0000-0003-3362-1578 UJA
Hidalgo Estévez, M. Carmen 0000-0002-0982-786X UJA
Fernández del Castillo, Tomas 0000-0002-6822-775X UJA
Delgado García, Jorge 0000-0001-9988-988X UJA
Castro Jiménez, José Manuel 0000-0001-7710-9600 UJA
Rey Arrans, Javier 0000-0001-9129-2368 UJA

Research topic: Natural and Cultural Heritage

Name ORCID code Affiliation
Molina Cámara, Jose Miguel 0000-0003-0023-3720 UJA
Nieto Albert, Luis Miguel 0000-0002-9907-2455 UJA
Ruiz Ortiz, Pedro Alejandro 0000-0003-0477-3978 UJA
Jiménez Espinosa, Rosario 0000-0002-7080-4405 UJA
Jiménez Millán, Juan 0000-0003-3350-219X UJA
Sánchez Gómez, Mario 0000-0003-3362-1578 UJA
Hidalgo Estévez, M. Carmen 0000-0002-0982-786X UJA
Fernández del Castillo, Tomas 0000-0002-6822-775X UJA
Torre López, Mª José de la 0000-0002-6134-6924 UJA

Research topic: Applications of Geomatics and other technologies in Earth and Environmental Sciences

Name ORCID code Affiliation
Delgado García, Jorge 0000-0001-9988-988X UJA
Ruiz Reyes, Nicolás 0000-0003-4631-5326 UJA
Vera Candeas, Pedro 0000-0003-0866-703X UJA

Research topic: Application of Geodesy to the observation and control of Earth System

Name ORCID code Affiliation
Borque Arancón, Mª Jesús 0000-0003-2239-092X UJA
Gil Cruz, Antonio José 0000-0003-0351-4106 UJA
Matas Campos, Raúl 0000-0002-5714-9653 UJA
Lacy y Pérez de los Cobos, Clara de 0000-0003-0654-778X UJA

Research topic: Ecology of agricultural and forest systems (Biogeochemistry and Ecophysiology)

Name ORCID code Affiliation
Carreira de la Fuente, José Antonio 0000-0002-5995-076X UJA
Trapero Casas, Antonio 0000-0003-3089-8301 UCO
Viñegla Pérez, Benjamín 0000-0002-3768-9118 UJA
García Ruiz, Roberto 0000-0001-9277-1993 UJA

Research topic: Community and Evolution Ecology in Mediteranean ecosystems

P

Name ORCID code Affiliation
Alcántara Gámez, Julio 0000-0002-8003-7844 UJA
Manzaneda Ávila, Antonio José 0000-0001-9384-7910 UJA
Rey Zamora, Pedro 0000-0001-5550-0393 UJA
Vilà Planella, Montserrat 0000-0003-3171-8261 CSIC

Research topic: Ecology of aquatic systems

P
Name ORCID code Affiliation
De Vicente Álvarez-Manzaneda, Inmaculada 0000-0002-1449-5740 UGR
Guerrero Ruiz, Francisco José 0000-0002-8983-3003 UJA
Jiménez Melero, Raquel 0000-0003-3685-9995 UJA
Jiménez Gómez, Francisco 0000-0001-8644-7089 UJA
Parra Anguita Mª Gema 0000-0002-4519-4799 UJA

Research topic: Biodiversity, Taxonomy and Conservation Biology of animal and plant species

Name ORCID code Affiliation
Abolafia Cobaleda, Joaquín 0000-0001-9640-236X UJA
Cano Carmona, Eusebio 0000-0002-0456-2161 UJA
Peña Santiago, Reyes 0000-0003-1125-5490 UJA
Salazar Mendías, Carlos 0000-0002-9448-1460 UJA
Liébanas Torres, Gracia Mª 0000-0003-4213-1458 UJA
Azorit Casas, Concepción 0000-0001-9538-7110 UJA
Ruiz Valenzuela, Luis 0000-0003-4195-5930 UJA
Cano Ortiz, Ana 0000-0002-0228-6095 EXTERNO
Melendo Luque, Manuel 0000-0001-5014-6233 UJA
Pinto Gomes, Carlos José 0000-0001-9452-6449 EVORA
Rubio Paramio, Miguel Ángel 0000-0003-1079-2323 UJA
Sánchez Baca, Antonio 0000-0002-6715-8158 UJA
Sarasa, Mathieu 0000-0001-9067-7522 EXTERNO

Research topic: Animal and Plant Biogeography and Bionomy

Name ORCID code Affiliation
Abolafia Cobaleda, Joaquín 0000-0001-9640-236X UJA
Cano Carmona, Eusebio 0000-0002-0456-2161 UJA
Peña Santiago, Reyes 0000-0003-1125-5490 UJA
Salazar Mendías, Carlos 0000-0002-9448-1460 UJA
Liébanas Torres, Gracia Mª 0000-0003-4213-1458 UJA

Research topic: Plant Physiology and environmental stress response

Name ORCID code Affiliation
Fernández Ocaña, Ana Mª 0000-0002-2686-9949 UJA
Gómez Rodríguez, María Victoria 0000-0001-6582-8368 UJA
Cordovilla Palomares Mª Pilar 0000-0002-4976-3450 UJA

Research topic: Applied Zoology and Botanics

Name ORCID code Affiliation
González Ruiz, Ramón 0000-0002-4946-3001 UJA

Research topic: Parasites of wild fauna; monitoring of animal populations

P
Name ORCID code Affiliation
Pérez Jiménez, Jesús María 0000-0001-9159-0365 UJA

During the course of your PhD thesis, you will be asked to take a set of training activities aimed at achieving the main competences that every PhD from the University of Jaen must develop by the end of doctoral studies:

Compulsory training activities

  • General: Framework of doctoral studies.
  • General: Framework of scientific research. Research policies.
  • General: Design and follow-up of research projects.
  • General: Knowledge transfer.
  • General: Dissemination of research results.
  • General: Employment and researcher career.
  • Specific: Relevant contribution from the PhD thesis.

In addition, the student may also get enrolled in other training activities (most of which are programme-specific), aimed at acquisition of specific competences of this doctoral programme.

Optional training activities:

  • General: Doctoral seminars.
  • Specific: Active participation in seminars, conferences, courses and workshops
  • Specific: Short-term visit (minimum three months) to a foreign research institution (compulsory for students willing to achieve the International mention in their PhD degree).

You can get more detailed information on the procedures for registration for the different activities and available grants.

All general training activities are in Spanish. Some specific training activities may be in English.

PhD students must pass a yearly evaluation of their activities. This includes general compulsory activities of doctoral studies and the specific optional activities offered by the programme. After enrolment, you will receive a link for completion of your Student´s record of training activities and Research plan.

Each year, students must present proof of participation in at least two training activities. Nonetheless, the Academic commission may issue a positive evaluation for students with only one activity if this is duly justified.

The studies are duly completed with the presentation of the PhD thesis and the student´s public dissertation.

After completion of the Research Plan and Training activities, students may proceed to the public defense of their PhD thesis once the thesis has received initial approval from the PhD thesis supervisor(s) and the Academic Committee of the PhD programme as well as final approval from the Steering Committee of the Doctoral School. In order to receive this approval, the thesis must have achieved a relevant contribution signed by the PhD student as first author. The adequacy of the contribution will be determined according to the criteria established by the Comisión Nacional Evaluadora de la Actividad Investigadora (CNEAI) for the main areas of research and knowledge.

At the time of finishing your thesis you may need to check the rules that apply for writing the thesis in a foreign language and for the deposit and thesis defense.

Broadening your experience in other universities now becomes essential in a scenario where information, enterprise and society are globalized. Short-term visits (of at least 3 months) to a foreing institution allow doctoral students to achieve the International mention in their diploma. In addition, the option of JointSupervision allows you to achieve a PhD degree issued simultaneously by University of Jaen and by a foreign university. Under this modality of study, you will be assigned a thesis supervisor in each of the participating universities under the conditions laid down in the corresponding cotutele agreement.

PhD students may also spend part or most of their training period in a company. The mention of Industrial Doctorate can be obtained provided that the topic of the thesis is embedded in the research strategy of a company to which the doctoral student is bound by a contractual agreement.

There are different types of mobility grants for doctoral students, including FPI (MINECO), FPU (MECD), individual PAIDI grants or Plan de Apoyo a la Investigación, Desarrollo Tecnológico e Innovación from Jaen University. Sudents may also apply for grants from Campus de Excelencia Internacional, Erasmus mobility grants, and grants offered by the Doctoral School of Jaen University.

Complementary Study Programs

The University of Jaén is committed to an integral training of its students. On this page you will find complementary training activities that will allow you to configure a comprehensive curriculum that favors your employability and your professional and personal development. Check this page regularly because the information is continuously updated.

There are no programs of complementary studies that match the specified filter criteria.

Career Guidance

The University of Jaen is aware that internships in companies can be essential to your professional career. For that reason, it offers a range of options for you to get enrolled in extracurricular internships, including the University programmes for entrepreneurial activities and Icaro programme. The calls from University of Jaen´s Plan de Apoyo a la Transferencia del Conocimiento, el Emprendimiento y la Empleabilidad may offer you multiple options to facilitate your incorporation to the world of work.

This doctoral programme confers the capabilities to obtain high-quality employment in public administrations as well as public and private companies in a wide range of specialties related to Earth Science and Technology, Ecology, Plant Biology, and Animal Biology.

Coordination and Quality

The academic coordination commission is the collegiate body in charge of direction and academic management of the title. It interacts directly with the students and is in charge of programming the academic activities offered to the students, preparing the calendar, as well as other academic aspects necessary for an optimal development of the title. It will also be in charge of introducing the modifications included in the improvement process proposed by the title´s Quality Assurance System.

Composition

  • Juan Jiménez Millán (Coordinator)
  • María Isabel Abad Martínez (Secretary)
  • Francisco José Guerrero Ruiz
  • Jesús María Pérez Jiménez
  • Roque Aguado Merlo
  • María Clara de Lacy Pérez de los Cobos

The Internal Quality Assurance Commission of the Doctoral programme performs the function of promoting and facilitating the continued improvement of the different activities (teaching, research, transfer of results, administrative issues) concerning the title. It also analyses the academic results and the level of satisfaction the title and prepares the improvement plan that the Academic commission will then put in practice.

Composition

  • Juan Jiménez Millán (Coordinator)
  • María Isabel Abad Martínez (Secretary)
  • Francisco José Guerrero Ruiz
  • Jesús María Pérez Jiménez
  • Roque Aguado Merlo
  • María Clara de Lacy Pérez de los Cobos
  • Manuel Molina Cámara (PAS)
  • Rafael Martínez Rodríguez (PhD student)

The quality assurance system of Jaen University has a two-tiered structure of responsibility. On one side, the corresponding Vice-Rectorate coordinates the quality evaluation process for the different titles, departments and university services and, on the other, the Academic Centre in charge of the title, which applies its Quality Assurance System. The Internal Quality Assurance System of this doctoral programme is available at the following link: Sistema de Garantía de Calidad de la Escuela de Doctorado.

All official titles given by Jaen University undergo different evaluation processes by the Dirección de Evaluación y Acreditación (DEVA) of the Agencia Andaluza del Conocimiento. The different evaluation reports of this title (verification, modification, follow-up and renewal of accreditation) are available through the following link: informes de evaluación de títulos de la DEVA.

The relevant information for this title concerning number of new enrolments, academic results and student´s level of satisfaction with the title is available at the university statistical yearbook (anuario estadístico de la Universidad de Jaén) under the headings “Estudiantes” and “Satisfacción de los grupos de interés”.

You may also check the dropout rates (informes de abandono) for the titles given by Jaen University.

Employability is one of the most important elements of the quality of the title. You can take a look at the report on employability for the different titles at Jaen University (estudios sobre la inserción laboral de los titulados) where you will find the most common professional careers of people who took this doctorate before you.

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